Endothermic ban - Fit for 55, the political disaster and a sector in alarm

The ban on endotherms becomes the central topic of political and economic discussions throughout Europe, with the news of the green light for the ban proposed by the European Commission taken from the front pages of all the main Italian and continental newspapers. Yesterday the European Parliament has voted in favor of the stop to the sale of combustion vehicles for 2035, but the long day of voting has shown a strong rift between the parliamentary groups, within them and, above all, within the majority that supports the current president of the same commission, Ursula Von der Leyen.

Unheard alarms. If the ban is a major political issue, it is the auto industry that renews it alarms that have been launched for months on the consequences of the end of one of the key technologies of the Italian and European industry: yesterday, the first representative of the automotive world to comment on the green light was Giorgio Marsiaj, president of the Industrial Union of Turin, a of the cities that symbolize world automotive production. For Marsiaj, the parliamentary vote represents “a very severe blow to the automotive sector”, “reaffirms an ideological approach in favor of the electric and puts the Italian and continental automotive supply chain at serious risk”. In fact, the choice of the European parliamentarians “does not take into consideration a fundamental and strategic productive sector for the European economies” and “puts in serious danger, as Anfia points out and as we have been reiterating for some time, 70 thousand jobs“.” The dutiful and shared respect for the environment – observes the Piedmontese entrepreneur – cannot and must not compromise the future of the automotive sector: the total and too hasty elimination of endothermic engines, even with alternative fuels, is one way preconception of addressing the issue, as the Minister of Economic Development, Giancarlo Giorgetti, also recently reiterated. We join the appeal of the sector so that the other community bodies that have yet to express themselves realize that this is not the path of reasonableness “.

Acea’s reaction. New fears were also expressed by ACEA, which for some time has been sending clear warnings to the institutions on the consequences of a turnaround set on bans, on the absence of an approach based on technological neutrality and on a clear strategy on the infrastructure front. electric mobility service. On the one hand, the association welcomes the decision of the European Parliament to confirm the objectives of reducing emissions by 2025 and 2030 and therefore to provide “certainty” to a sector that has to plan multi-billion dollar investments, on the other there are a number of of problems: “The objectives are already extremely demanding and achievable only with a massive increase in charging infrastructures”, warns the association, also underlining that the transformation of the sector “depends on many external factors.” lawmakers have “voted to carve in stone” the zero emissions target by 2035. “The automotive industry will contribute fully” to the European goals, said president Oliver Zipse. However, notes the German manager, “given the volatility and uncertainty we are experiencing every day globally, any long-term regulation that goes beyond this decade is premature at this stage. Conversely, a transparent review in half is needed. road to define the post-2030 goals: this review will first of all assess whether the implementation of the charging infrastructure and the availability of raw materials for the production of batteries will be able to keep pace with the continuous and rapid increase in production of battery-powered cars “.

Split Parliament. In this context, what happened yesterday in Strasbourg cannot be overshadowed. MEPs approved a bipartisan amendment to grant exceptions to niche producers, such as those of the Motor Valley, as well as the request to include the life cycle assessment criterion in the verification of emissions, but they also rejected several other proposals, such as the reduction from 100% to 90% of the obligation by 2035 for sales of zero-emission cars, as well as the proposal to consider biofuels. However, this is not what demonstrates the split in parliament, but the outcome of other votes. The assembly, in fact, voted against the reform of the Ets emission allowance market and therefore of two connected norms of vital importance, above all to pursue the aims of the European Commission for a more equitable transition and to make the Old Continent the point of reference for ecological standards. The texts on the Social Climate Fund, intended for the population groups most vulnerable to climate change and the consequences of the transition itself, and the CBAM, the mechanism for imposing duties on the import of products that do not comply with European parameters, have not been approved. . The positions and the oppositions of the various camps have, therefore, demonstrated the split within the Ursula majority, made up of Popular, Socialists and Renew Europe. This will have to be taken into account in the coming weeks, when, under the treaties on the functioning of the Union, the Commission’s proposal will become the subject of discussions in the so-called trilogue, the process of formal and informal negotiations between Strasbourg, Brussels and the various member countries. And this without considering another split, the one between the various political groups that support the Draghi government in Italy.

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