Anno 2035, fine dei motori a scoppio: cosa accadrà?

EUROPE HAS DECIDED – Internal combustion engines, faithful companions of our journeys for more than a century, will no longer be able to equip new cars sold in Europe from 2035 (here the news). There decision of the European Parliament has a epochal scope because it will radically change the habits of motorists and the setting up of an industrial sector that has a very significant weight in the European (and world) economy. The Strasbourg vote raised a crawl space of comments: if many are worried and some are even controversial, there are also those who think that this decision is right and offers positive opportunities. One voice out of the chorus is, for example, that of Giorgio Airaudo, general secretary of CGIL Piemonte, who invites “the Italian industrial system linked to the production of endothermic products not to miss the opportunity and to adapt and innovate. It is useless to make the last of an old production process, let’s take advantage of the technological leap, without leaving anyone behind. “The same tenor is the opinion of Alberto Stecca, CEO of Silla Industries, a startup that produces wallboxes and has agreements with Totem for provide customized ones for the fantastic GT Electric (here the news). Stecca recalls that “registrations in April say that the best-selling electric car in Europe is the Fiat 500 and the Stellantis group weighs more than Volkswagen in the pure electric car sector. So someone who is preparing for time is already there, even if the volumes are still small, while the others have 13 years of time to adapt “.

GENERALIZED CONCERNS – The other reactions are quite different, starting with those of other trade unions. The Ansa agency reports that the national secretary of the Fim, Ferdinando Uliano, urges “the immediate convocation of the ministerial table automotive. It is essential not to waste any more time in front of an epochal transition that puts at risk, if not governed, over 75,000 jobs in our country “. Simone Marinelli, national automotive coordinator for Fiom-Cgil, also asks that” start immediately with the confrontation between government, trade unions and businesses. The silence of the Government is now unsustainable and cannot be explained when the trade unions and the business system together are asking and urging the opening of a specific table with the presidency of the council and the competent ministers. “If CGIL Piedmont sees positives, according to the president of the Turin industrialists the decision “it is a very hard blow for the automotive sector: the vote of the European Parliament reaffirms an ideological approach in favor of electric and puts the Italian and continental automotive supply chain at serious risk “. Gilberto Pichetto, Deputy Minister for Economic Development, also believes that this is” a very ideological and unrealistic solution. It’s hard to imagine what 2035 will be like. I still can’t imagine the Monza Grand Prix without the roar of the engine of the cars on the track. It was necessary to reduce emissions gradually taking into account the reality we are experiencing “.

WORKERS AT RISK – Anfia comments that “70,000 jobs are at risk in theItalian automotive industry, linked to the production of components that will not be used for the electric. To date, electricity is not able to compensate for the loss of these jobs, it is not enough to build charging stations or other components ”. The director of Anfia, Gianmarco Giorda, argues that actions are needed to bring the supply chain linked to the battery production for electric cars “. Also in Anfia it is believed that it is not well understood that the production of batteries also includes mining activities, for the extraction of raw materials, and the chemical activities necessary for the conversion of these materials into the elements of the batteries themselves. Not to mention that the bulk of the minerals needed currently comes from China, but we trust in the negotiations between the states that make up the European Union to better modulate what is defined as “a decision that puts the whole of Europe at risk”.

HIGHER PRICES – It should also be noted that, even if the cost of electric powertrains it is falling to the point where it should intersect that of traditional cars between 2024-2026, the intersection will take place at a higher level. Even vehicles with combustion engines will cost more because the Euro 7 standards (which could come into force in 2026, here the news) will further complicate the already sophisticated exhaust gas treatment devices. Luca De Meo, president and CEO of Renault, on the occasion of his meeting with the Anfia leaders (here to find out more) has in fact stated that “that in the short term it will be impossible to have new cars for less than 20,000 euros, be they electric or traditional. In fact, compliance with the standards of the forthcoming anti-pollution regulations entails increasingly higher development and production costs which will be reflected in the purchase price ”.

HOW DO WE MAKE ENERGY? – Electric cars will also need to be recharged and according to McKinsey to achieve the CO2 cut necessary to achieve the targets of the Fit for 55 plan 6.8 million charging points would be needed public in Europe by 2030, a figure far from the current 300,000. We are also concerned about the generation of the huge amount of energy needed to power this tide of charging points, whose production is currently anything but ‘green’, and the production of batteries which, consuming a lot of energy, emit a lot of carbon dioxide. . However, the electric car appears to have an advantage over its life cycle because during its operation it has no exhaust emissions and its batteries will be increasingly recyclable.

WE TRUST IN TECHNOLOGY – Such a wide range of opinions that it is not easy to get an idea but one thing seems evident: the technology of modern electric cars is less than 20 years old (the first Tesla Roadster was sold in 2008) and it is therefore reasonable to expect great innovations which will improve both the price and the production processes. Even the battery supply chain, if brought to Europe, could absorb many of the workers who will lose their jobs because of ‘on tap’ cars. The transition phase, however, appears rather turbulent and full of unknowns from a productive, social and economic point of view. Recall that the date of 2035, if confirmed, however, concerns only new vehicles: traditional and hybrid used cars will therefore continue on their path for many more years.


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