In recent months, fuel prices have accelerated sharply, triggering protests from consumers, representative associations and politicians and prompting the government to intervene with the cut in excise duties, a measure which has been extended. until next July 8th. The question to ask is whether there is a balanced price between the demands of end users and the needs of the industry. In this regard, the latest surveys by Nomisma Energia show price lists for petrol and diesel (in self-service mode and on the basis of market surveys and Bank of Italy data) still below the “optimal price”, that is a natural value, with no extra profit, suitable for covering all costs and taxes, as well as guaranteeing an adequate industrial margin. In particular, as of June 13, gasoline costs € 2.032 per liter, 2.2 cents less than the optimal price of € 2.054. For diesel fuel, the 1.965 of the stations are compared with the 2.018 “optimal” and, therefore, the price is 5.2 cents lower than the natural value. There last week the data showed a differential of -5.3 and -4.7 cents, respectively.
The calculation methodology. It must be remembered that when the prices at the pump are higher than the optimal ones, we are faced with a negative situation for consumers; on the contrary, the circumstance becomes positive in case of lower values. At this point it is necessary to specify the calculation methodology used by Nomisma Energia (former partner of Quattroruote for the monthly study on fuels that you can find in each issue of the magazine). In Italy, as in Europe, pump prices are determined by adding excise duties, VAT and a gross margin to cover all costs to the cost of fuel on the international market: transport, operating margin, investments at the point of sale, advertising and promotions. The 2.054 euros calculated by Nomisma Energia for gasoline are the result of the sum of 1.033 euros of international cost, 0.172 euros of average gross margin, 0.478 of excise duties and 0.370 of VAT. The 2,018 of diesel is the result of the addition of 1.109 euros of international price, 0.178 euros of margin, 0.367 of excise duties and 0.364 of VAT. To know the historical trend (Nomisma Energia calculates its optimal price since 2009) you can download this link the graphs drawn up by the research company every week.
The surveys of Staffetta Quotidiana. Meanwhile, Staffetta Quotidiana this morning highlights the continuous rise in recommended prices also due to the tensions on the exchange rate: “The declines of the international oil markets are completely absorbed by the crash of the euro against the dollar”. In addition, the specialized newspaper reports an increase of two cents on the petrol and diesel prices decided by Eni, that of 4 cents by Ip and 2 cents for Q8. As for the average prices communicated yesterday by the managers of about 15 thousand plants to the Observatory of the Ministry of Economic Development, for self-service petrol costs € 2,039 / liter (+24 thousandths) and diesel costs € 1,969 / liter (+33) . Served, petrol at 2,160 euros / liter (+24), diesel at 2,096 euros / liter (+33), LPG at 0.829 euros / liter (-1), natural gas at 1.815 euros / kg (-15), LNG at 1.960 euro / kg (-4). Along the motorway arteries, self-service petrol at 2.108 euros / liter (2.338 per served), diesel at 2.049 euros / liter (2.284 per served), LPG at 0.922 euros / liter, natural gas at 2.164 euros / kg, LNG at 1.969 euros / kg.
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